Episode 1: Links and Resources

As addressed in our first Episode, the story of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi is complex and rooted in many different histories, including Colonialism, the Introduction of Hamitic Theory, Propaganda and Socio-economic events. We just scratched the surface – learn, read and find our for yourself!


Dallaire, Roméo: Shake Hands with the Devil. The Failure of Humanity in Rwanda. New York: Carroll & Graf: 2005.

Academic Research:

Carney, J.J.: Beyond Tribalism: The Hutu-Tutsi Question and Catholic Rhetoric in Colonial Rwanda. In: Journal of Religion in Africa 42 (2), 2012, 172–202.

Fischel, Jack: Genocide In Rwanda.  In: The Virginia Quarterly Review 82(1), 2006, 263-274.

Hintjens, Helen M.: “Explaining the 1994 genocide in Rwanda.” In: The Journal of Modern African Studies 37 (2), 1999, 241-286.

Olesen, Thomas: Global Injustice Memories: The 1994 Rwanda Genocide.  In: International Political Sociology 6 (4), 2012, 373-89.

Rever, Judi: In Praise of Blood. The Crimes of the Rwandan Patriotic Front. Canada: Vintage Canada / Penguin Random House 2018. 

Reyntjens, Filip: Rwanda: Genocide and Beyond. In: Journal of Refugee Studies 9 (3), 1996, 240-51.

Sanders, Edith R.: The Hamitic Hypothesis; Its Origin and Functions in Time Perspective. In: The Journal of African History 10 (4), 1969, 521-532.

Scheu, Johannes: Der Völkermord in Ruanda. In: Exzellenzcluster Kulturelle Grundlagen von Integration. https://www.exc16.uni-konstanz.de/ruanda.html, last consult: 3.6.2021.

Strizek, Helmut: Geschenkte Kolonien. Ruanda und Burundi unter deutscher Herrschaft. Mit einem Essay über die Entwicklung bis zur Gegenwart. Berlin: CH. Links 2006. 


Das Schweigen brechen. Zum Gedenken an den Völkermord in Ruanda. Pressedokumentation Ärzte ohne Grenzen, last consult: 4.6.2021.

Des Forges, Alison: Leave None to tell the story. Genocide in Rwanda. In: Human Rights Watch 1999, last consult: 20.09.2021

Rwanda. Demographic Trends. In: Britannica, last consult: 20.09.2021

Rwanda profile – Timeline. In: BBC News, 17.09. 2018, last consult: 20.09.2021

Kwibuka Podcast: A podcast following the history of the 1994 Genocide against the Tutsi in great detail. In over 100 episodes, the 100 days of the Genocide are expained in English, French and Kinyarvanda. Additionally, interviews with different guests are provided.

Brändle, Stefan: Völkermord in Ruanda: Macrons Reise ins Herz der Finsternis. In: Der Standard, 27.05.2021, last consult: 20.09.2021

Ruanda – Wikipedia, last consult: 5.6.2021

Stark, Florian: „Todesursache: Machete, in den Armen seiner Mutter“. In: Welt.de, 05.04.2019, last consult: 20.09.2021

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